Chrysanthou et al., 2014
The effects of urbanization on the rise of the European temperature since 1960
A. Chrysanthou, G. van der Schrier, E. J. M. van den Besselaar, A. M. G. Klein Tank and T. Brandsma
2014, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 41, Issue 21, pp. 7716–7722, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061154
The effects of urbanization on the rise of the European daily mean temperature is quantiﬁed by comparing European-averaged temperatures based on all meteorological stations in the European Climate Assessment and Dataset with those based on three subsets of stations: from rural areas, from areas with low growth in urbanization, and from areas characterized by relatively low-temperature increase. Land cover information is obtained using the CORINE (Coordination of Information on the Environment) data set, showing that most stations (75%) have a small percentage (up to 10%) of urban area within a 10 km radius and 81% saw no more than 1% change in urbanization between 1990 and 2006. The results show that urbanization explains 0.0026°C/decade of the annual-averaged pan-European temperature trend of 0.179°C/decade. This trend has a strong seasonality, being the largest in summer. Averaged over time, the eﬀects of urbanization on the European-averaged temperature has a strong seasonality as well.